Terms & Conditions


Use of any of the pages of this site will be deemed as acceptance of the terms, conditions and stipulations of this notice. If you do not wish to be bound by this agreement, do not use this Site.

Your use of the COPE website and its contents - even after payment of a small subscription fee that is seen as a licence fee to use COPE - explicitly does not create in any way any kind of agreement or contract between you, the user, and the witer/owner/maintainer of this site or anyone else who is in any way connected with COPE.

Changes in this agreement

COPE reserves the right to change this agreement from time to time at its sole discretion, and your use of the COPE site will be subject to the most current version posted here at the time of your use. This agreement applies to you or to you and your employer, if you are using COPE on your employer’s behalf, and you warrant that such party has full knowledge of your actions and has consented thereto.


After successful registration COPE will use cookies to monitor whether you are a registered user or not. You are not allowed to pass on your access information to third parties. If our system detects such breaches, you will be denied future access and forfeit whatever licence fee you may have paid.

Warranties and Disclaimers

COPE PROVIDES YOU WITH THE SITE CONTENTS ON AN "AS IS" AND “AS AVAILABLE” BASIS without any warranties of any kind. The author of COPE is not responsible for the outcome of any experiments or the interpretation of results coming from such experiments in third party laboratories derived from the interpretation of information presented on COPE web pages. COPE hereby disclaims any warranty, express or otherwise implied to the fullest extent of the applicable laws that the server is and will be free of all viruses, worms and/or other harmful or invasive elements. You understand and agree that the use of the COPE site is at your sole risk.


All rights are reserved by Horst Ibelgaufts, the creator and owner of this work. All material in these COPE (Cells-talk) documents, including, among other things, contents, structure and form, titles, and logos are subject to international intellectual property and copyright laws. Among other things, 'Titles' includes the following terms:

No portion or element of any of the pages of the COPE site may be copied or retransmitted via any means and all related rights shall remain the exclusive property of COPE.


"Access" specifically means just that. Explicitely, the term "access" does NOT mean that you are allowed to copy/paste the contents of any of the COPE pages into a new electronic or print document that is then disseminated by you in whatever form.

Right of access

COPE reserves all rights to deny or restrict access to the COPE web site to any particular person, or to block access from a particular internet address to this site, at any time, without ascribing any reasons whatsoever.

Intended use

The information on the COPE Web site is provided to you for informational purposes only. I reserve the right to make changes and corrections at any time, without notice. However, I make no commitment to update the information contained on the COPE Web pages or to correct errors that are brought to the attention to the COPE administrator. The material in COPE is intended for, and may be used for, academic or educational purposes only. Individuals from academic/non-profit organizations may print or save portions of the material that this copyright notice is linked to for academic or educational purposes, as long as they have registered with COPE and are subscribers of COPE and provide credit and notification about the origin of the information they use. Please retain this copyright notice or its link with the material and send notification of its use to the address stated in Contact information. NOTE: COPE is intended for use primarily by biomedical scientists and advanced students in science and medicine concerned with, and interested in, the manifold aspects of cell communication biology. While COPE is accessible to the public, users seeking information about a personal medical condition pertaining to any of the topics/entries covered by COPE are urged to consult with a qualified physician for diagnosis and for answers to personal questions.

Errors and ommissions

The author of COPE does not warrant the information, text, graphics, links, or other items contained on the COPE Web site to be free of errors and cannot accept any legal responsibility or liability for any errors or ommissions or any indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of its use or interpretation for any particular purpose. No responsibility is assumed by the author for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use of operation of any methods, products, instructions or ideas contained in the material herein. In particular, the information presented in any of the COPE entries as a whole and in part should not be construed as definitive or binding medical advice and is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care. I repeat: Any medical or genetic information present in any of the entries of COPE is provided for research, educational, and informational purposes only.

Endorsements, Sponsorships, Recommendations, Relationships to other sites

Reference on the COPE Web site to any products, services, processes, hypertext links, or other information, by trade name, trade mark, manufacturer, supplier, or otherwise does not constitute or imply in any way the author's endorsement, sponsorship, or recommendation. The author also expressly disclaims liability both for errors and/or omissions in any information contained on any other site linking to the COPE Web site. Also, the author cannot be held responsible in whatever form and to whatever extent for contents of other web sites linking to COPE or individual COPE pages.


The following restrictions apply to ALL users of the COPE site. Unless authorized by COPE in writing, you may not:
(1) download any or all web pages of the COPE encyclopedia to obtain a functional hard disk copy for off-line reading;
(2) use any automatic extraction methods (device, technology or algorithm) to obtain contents of the COPE site or extracts thereof for your own purposes;
(3) deep link or employ software or any automatic device, technology or algorithm, to "crawl", "scrape", search, or monitor the COPE site;
(4) violate mechanical restrictions of the COPE site, or bypass other measures employed to prevent or limit access to the COPE site by hacking or other means;
(5) copy, redirect, or exploit the COPE site;
(6) probe, scan, or test the vulnerability of the COPE site or of the network supporting the COPE site, or seek information on visitors to the COPE site;
(7) use any device, software, or routine that would interfere with the proper functioning of the COPE site;
(8) embed contents from COPE pages into your own web pages;
(9) incorporate any of the material that this copyright notice is linked to into other documents of any kind, which are intended for sale or other commercial purposes. Reproduction distribution, selling, or licensing copies of COPE pages, or posting to personal, institutional, or third party websites are prohibited.


COPE collects personal information to obtain an overview about the interests of COPE users, which may be used by the author as a guideline for future editions. COPE respects your privacy and shall not give away your information to other parties. You understand that any message or information sent to the COPE site may be viewed or intercepted by third parties, even if there is a special notice that the information is encrypted. I shall consider contents of your email as "non-confidential" and may use such contents in whatever way I deem appropriate.

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